A drastic reduction of CO₂ in the port of Rotterdam is needed. A major challenge for Europe’s largest petrochemical cluster. In order to reduce CO₂ electrification technologies must be ready for commercial use by 2030 as a replacement for production based on gas, coal and oil. Large-scale electrification makes the Rotterdam port-industrial complex more sustainable and provides the necessary flexibility and stability in the new energy system. A lot of innovation is still needed to get there. Since 2016, SmartPort has been committed to boosting and broadening this innovation in collaboration with businesses and academia.